Elementary Health & Physical Education - Learning Results Integration


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HEALTH EDUCATION

HA. HEALTH CONCEPTS

Students will understand health promotion and disease prevention concepts. Knowledge of how disease and injury affect the body and learning about the health benefits of preventive care, timely treatment, and appropriate personal behaviors are at the heart of health education. Students who protect their health have a better chance of remaining healthy and productive throughout their lives. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Recognize that there are multiple components of health.

2. Describe the transmission and prevention of communicable diseases.

3. Demonstrate an understanding of basic health terms.

EXAMPLES

Using any art medium, students will make visuals which show children participating in health activities (e.g., eating healthful foods, learning to do crafts, spending time with family, or playing with friends).

Practice proper hand washing.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Describe the relationship between healthy practices and personal health (e.g., eating well and exercise).

2. Identify indicators of physical, mental, emotional, and social health during childhood.

3. Describe the basic structures and functions of the human body systems.

4. Identify common health problems of children that should be detected and treated early.

5. Describe ways in which a healthful school and community environment influences personal health.

6. Explain the difference between positive and negative responses to stress.

7. Demonstrate essential understanding of basic health concepts.

EXAMPLES

Role-play situations that cause stress for students (special events, tests, friends moving), showing that for some it has a positive effect (motivation to study or practice) and for some, negative effects (physical symptoms).

List three things that should be included on a medicine label and explain why each is important.

HB. HEALTH INFORMATION, SERVICES, AND PRODUCTS

Students will know how to acquire valid information about health issues, services, and products. People need good information about prevention, early detection, and treatment of health problems. An important step in learning to protect health is developing the skills to find and analyze information about health issues. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Identify which school and community health helpers are needed in given situations.

EXAMPLE

Link specific tasks to specific healthcare providers such as family doctor, dentist, or nurse.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Identify characteristics of valid health information and products, and services that promote health.

2. Demonstrate ways to locate school and community health helpers.

3. Identify community agencies that advocate healthy individuals, families, and communities.

HC. HEALTH PROMOTION AND RISK REDUCTION

Students will understand how to reduce their health risks through the practice of healthy behaviors. In taking responsibility for personal health, students lay a foundation for a healthy, productive life. Many diseases and injuries can be prevented by avoiding harmful behaviors and taking fewer risks. More importantly, students can take steps to improve their health, such as eating better foods, exercising regularly, and paying attention to preventive care. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Differentiate between safe and harmful substances found at home and school.

2. Demonstrate personal hygiene skills.

3. Choose healthful foods.

4. Demonstrate a variety of safety skills for different situations (e.g., pedestrian, bus, fire, auto, and bicycle safety).

5. Apply coping strategies when they feel too excited, anxious, angry, or out of control.

EXAMPLE

Demonstrate slowly counting to ten when role-playing a situation where the student feels out of control.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Compare behaviors that are safe to those that are risky or harmful (e.g., bicycle safety, handling weapons, use of medicines).

2. Develop injury prevention and safety strategies for personal health.

3. Demonstrate basic care of human body systems.

4. Demonstrate healthful and safe ways to deal with or avoid threatening and stressful situations.

EXAMPLES

Describe safe behavior in and near water.

Demonstrate basic first aid for a scrape or first degree burn.

HD. INFLUENCES ON HEALTH

Students will understand how media techniques, cultural perspectives, technology, peers, and family influence behaviors that affect health. Students receive an almost constant stream of information about their health and behavior. As a first step to making decisions that protect health, students need to recognize how different messages influence their actions. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Describe the influences of media on health.

2. Explain how information from school and family influences health.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Evaluate the influences of culture on health.

2. Explain how media influences health decisions.

3. Describe ways technology affects personal health.

4. Describe ways to be a responsible friend and family member.

HE. COMMUNICATION SKILLS

Students will understand that skillful communication can contribute to better health for them, their families, and the community. Students need effective communication skills to develop and maintain healthy personal relationships. The ability to organize and convey information, beliefs, opinions, and feelings is a skill that can reduce and avoid conflict. Communication skills enable individuals to be advocates for a healthy school, home, workplace, and community. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Demonstrate healthy ways to express needs, wants, and feelings.

2. Distinguish between verbal and nonverbal communication.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Use appropriate communication and listening skills to enhance health.

2. Differentiate between negative and positive ways to deal with conflict.

3. Demonstrate non-violent strategies to resolve conflicts.

4. Express opinions and give accurate information about health issues.

HF. DECISION-MAKING AND GOAL SETTING

Students will learn how to set personal goals and make decisions that lead to better health. Knowledge of good health practices will not help students unless they have the foresight and discipline to act on that knowledge. The practical application of knowledge requires students to develop skills such as goal setting and decision making. Students who have the right combination of knowledge and skills can begin to contribute to their own good health, to healthy families, and to safer communities. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Explain when assistance is needed in making health-related decisions and setting health goals.

2. Set a short-term personal health goal.

EXAMPLE

During a "Health Day" at school each student chooses one health goal to work on (e.g., flossing teeth, exercising).

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Demonstrate the ability to apply a decision-making process to health issues and problems.

2. Predict the results of positive health decisions.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PA. PHYSICAL FITNESS

Students will acquire the knowledge needed to be physically fit and take part in healthful physical activity on a regular basis. Students who develop healthful patterns of physical activity and enjoyment are more likely to stay physically fit and active in their adult lives. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Identify the physical changes that accompany moderate to vigorous activity (e.g., sweating, increased heart rate, heavy breathing).

2. Engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity.

3. Identify activities associated with each component of health-related fitness (e.g., cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, body composition).

4. Move with an awareness of others.

5. State reasons for safe and controlled movements.

EXAMPLES

Student is aware that the heart beats rapidly during physical activity.

Explain the relationship of running to cardiovascular endurance, stretching to flexibility, etc.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Identify the components of health-related fitness (cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, body composition).

2. Demonstrate specific activities to improve each of the components of health-related fitness.

3. Identify the benefits of regular participation in physical activity.

4. Participate in physical activity for the purpose of improving health-related fitness.

5. Participate in health-related fitness assessments.

6. Analyze potential risks of physical activities.

7. Utilize safety principles during activities.

EXAMPLE

Complete a series of exercises (e.g., curl-ups, v-sit, shoulder stretch, pushups, jogging in place) and explain the benefit of each and why they are done together.

PB. MOTOR SKILLS

Students will develop motor skills and apply these to enhance their movement and physical performance. Successful development of motor skills provides an opportunity to enjoy participation in physical activities, and reach advanced levels of performance, which in turn, increases the likelihood of continued participation. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Demonstrate progress in mastering locomotor skills (skills used to move from one place to another, e.g., walking, running, jumping, hopping) and non-locomotor skills (skills used to move in place, e.g., turning, twisting).

2. Demonstrate improving form when using various sports accessories (e.g., throwing a ball, catching a bean bag, hitting a hockey puck).

3. Demonstrate simple combinations of motor patterns (e.g., dribbling while running).

4. Make smooth transitions between sequential motor skills (e.g., running in to a jump).

5. Adapt and adjust movement skills to uncomplicated, changing, environmental conditions and expectations (e.g., tossing a ball to a moving partner).

6. Identify the critical elements of fundamental movement patterns (e.g., throwing; ready position, arm preparation, turn side to target, step in opposition, etc.).

7. Apply movement concepts (e.g., patterns of movement, direction, speed, etc.) to a variety of fundamental skills (e.g., running in different directions without bumping into others or falling).

EXAMPLE

Use a series of motor skills to create and perform a movement pattern (skip-walk-hop-run-jump).

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Create movement patterns in combination and/or sequence using movement concepts.

2. Distinguish between locomotor and non-locomotor skills in physical activities.

3. Demonstrate mature form in all locomotor patterns, non-locomotor skills, and selected sports accessories.

4. Adapt a skill to the demands of the environment (e.g., dribble and pass a ball to a moving receiver).

5. Demonstrate beginning skills of two or more specific movement forms (e.g., a beginner level gymnastics routine or a simple folk dance).

6. Combine movement skills in applied settings (e.g., run, jump, and land for distance).

7. Apply critical elements to improve personal performance (e.g., transfer weight from feet to hands at an increased speed, thus changing a mule kick into a handstand).

8. Recognize and apply concepts that have an impact on the quality of movement (e.g., appropriate practice improves performance).

9. Identify and demonstrate appropriate safety practices and rules for activities.

EXAMPLES

Perform a jump rope routine to a simple jingle.

Balance, with control, on a variety of objects (e.g., balance board, large apparatus, skates).

PC. PERSONAL AND SOCIAL INTERACTIONS

Students will demonstrate responsible personal and social behaviors in physical activity settings. Whether working alone, with another individual, or with a group, students engaged in physical activities are expected to demonstrate self-respect and consideration of others as they seek to meet a challenge or solve a problem. Students will be able to:

ELEMENTARY GRADES Pre-K-2

1. Identify the rules of a given activity.

2. Demonstrate cooperative skills (following rules, taking turns, sharing equipment, etc.) while participating in physical activities.

3. Use equipment appropriately and responsibly.

4. Describe rules and behaviors that contribute to productive participation in physical activity.

ELEMENTARY GRADES 3-4

1. Demonstrate appropriate communication skills in a variety of physical activities and describe how these skills can enhance group/team cooperation and effort.

2. Follow activity-specific rules, procedures, and etiquette.

3. Demonstrate safety principles in physical activity settings.

4. Participate cooperatively with partners to improve skill performance during practice.

5. Assess their own performance problems without blaming others.

EXAMPLES

Select a goal from options provided by the teacher (e.g., walk a certain distance, jump rope a number of minutes) that requires the group to work together to achieve the goal. Comment on individual as well as group progress towards the goal.

Create a class mural entitled, "Favorite Activities in Physical Education."

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